The Conflict between Political Factions of the Syrian Military Establishment, 1954-1958 Coups and Political Pluralism

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Ahmed Mamoun


This study criticizes the general frameworkthat has governed the broader current of the researchers in civil-military relations, their method of thinking about the military institution since the inception of the field, the paper presents the theoretical and practical gaps in that literature, in particular the researchers of "Coup-Proofing". The study shows the weakness of the explanatory capabilities of the field in extrapolating and analyzing the historical era that the research seeks to reveal its theoretical and historical ambiguities, which is the phase of political pluralism in Syria between 1954-1958, which the researchers viewed as a democratic phase. The paper examines why did the army step down from the presidency and allowed civil forces to engage in political action at the time, in spite of that phase is in the midst of two series of coups. The paper is based on a basic premise that the army as a military institution do represent wings, sectors, units, brigades, and power relations, before it is an expression of any other social segments, which is in contrast to what the literature says in examining the sociological backgrounds of the officers.

Keywords: Syria, Military coups, Coup-Proofing, Officers, Democracy

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Author Biography

Ahmed Mamoun, Al-Araby Television Network

Ahmed Mamoun, researcher studying political science and political history, works in documentaries and programs department at Al-Araby Television Network.